The spine is made up of lots of small bones called vertebrae or vertebral bodies.
The main symptoms of coccydynia is pain and discomfort felt at the base of your spine and particularly when sitting down.
Cauda equina syndrome
Cauda equina is Latin for “horse’s tail’ and is the bottom part of the spinal cord.
Neck and arm pain
Cervical spondylosis is very common and affects the bones, cartilage and intervertebral discs in your cervical spine.
Back pain can have many causes and can originate from anywhere in the spine.
Cervical myelopathy occurs when there is pressure on the spinal cord usually resulting in dysfunction of the nerves below the area of pressure.
Facet Joint Disease
Each vertebra in the spine joins its neighbour via three joints – the large disc in the front and two small facet joints behind, forming a triangle of joints surrounding the spinal canal.
Sciatica and Leg Pain
Pain in the limbs can be caused by inflammation or narrowing within the spine, aggravating the nerves that pass into either the legs or arms.
Lumbar Disc Prolapse
This is an extremely common condition, frequently referred to as a ‘slipped disc’. The central portion of the lumbar disc bulges through the surrounding tissue and can cause irritation or compression of an adjacent nerve.
Scoliosis is a when the spine to curves to the side. It is most common in the chest area and the lower back.
Spinal stenosis is a term used to describe a narrowing of the spinal canal. This narrowing may occur throughout the spinal canal, but mainly occurs within the more mobile areas of the spine.
Spondylolisthesis simply means the abnormal slip of one vertebra with respect to the vertebra immediately below.
A pars defect is a small break or fracture in the bone that connects the facet joints and they can become separated which is also called “Spondylolysis”.
Infections in the Spine
Just like anywhere else in the body, infections can occur anywhere in the spine.
Sacro-Iliac Joint Dysfunction
Sacro-iliac joint dysfunction can cause pain that can be felt anywhere in the lower back, buttocks, groin, pelvis and in the legs.
Osteoporosis is a disease causing bone density to reduce too much causing bones to significantly weaken. Weakened bones are at a high risk for fracture.